ILLUSTRATIONS

OF

NEW SPECIES

OF

EXOTIC BUTTERFLIES,

SELECTED CHIEFLY FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF

W. WILSON SAUNDERS ayy WILLIAM C. HEWITSON.

BY

WILLIAM C. HEWITSON. VOL. II.

JOHN VAN VOORST, LONDON.

1857—1861. \QqbAs

LONDON : WOODFALL AND KINDER, PRINTERS, ANGEL COURT, SKINNER STREET.

INTRODUCTION.

‘Tne author’s sole object in the production of this work has been to leave behind him correct pictorial representations of the exquisite things which have been to him a joy through life. He believes that there is nothing higher or more worthy of his ambition than the simple child-like study of the works of his and their Creator. He believes each species in itself perfect and as it first came from the hands of the Creator; and if he could believe in the transmutation of species or that there was one grain of truth in the chaotic jumble of Mr. Darwin, his life-long pleasure and occupation would be taken from him. He has himself experienced so much pleasure in identifying from a good figure any species which descriptions have failed to elucidate, that, encouraged by his own experience and the kind aid of his friend, Mr. Wilson Saunders, who bears half the loss sustamed in its publication, he is induced to proceed with a third volume. At the commencement of this work, ten years ago, the study of the Diurnal Lepidoptera had been so much neglected that our collections were crowded with undescribed species ; except in England, where the Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera” had just been brought to a conclusion, scarcely anything had been done of late years towards their illustration. Since then much has been done. Dr. Boisduval has described the butterflies of California; M. Lucas several species in the “Revue et Magasin de Zoologie;’ Dr. Felder has described and figured numerous species ; M. Menetries has published a Catalogue of the Lepidoptera in the Imperial Museum of St. Petersburg; Horsfield and Moore have described and illus- trated the Butterflies im the collection of the East India Museum ; 412 new species (with 790 figures) have been given in this work, and yet numbers of species (not less than 500) remain unnamed. Mr. Wallace is still explormg the New Guinea group of islands, and abundant materials are accumulated from which to select illustrations for our third volume. The author cannot allow this opportunity to pass without expressing his sincere thanks to those who have so kindly aided him during the publication of this work; to Dr. Gray for the facilities of access which have been

1V INTRODUCTION.

given him over the collection of the British Museum; to Dr. Boisduval, to Mr. Bates, and to Mr. Wallace, whose collections he has had access to as freely as if they were his own.

CORRECTIONS.

Pieris Eliada is the male of Cramer’s P. Liberia.

Pieris Cycinna has been incorrectly printed P. Concinna in the description. Cycinna is the name by which the author wishes it to be known.

Leptalis Antherize, of Boisduval, is L. Fortunata of Lucas (Annals Soc. Entom., 3rd Series, Vol. II., Plate 3.)

Messaras Maonites is P. Lampetia of Cramer, Plate 349.

N.B.—An Index is given, by which the binder will be enabled to arrange the Plates, as in the Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera.”

A second Index, alphabetically arranged, is given for the benefit of those who will take the trouble to number the Plates (from 1 to 60) and the letterpress (from 1 to 120), after the book has been arranged by the first Index.

N.B.—On append un Index par lequel le reliewr peut arranger les planches de la méme maniére qu’en ‘“‘ Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera.”

On append un second Index, arrangé alphabétiquement, pour servir a ceux qui veulent mettre les nombres aux planches (1 @ 60), et aussi au texte (1 a 120), apres qu’on aura arrangé le livre par l’aide du premier Index.

OarLanps, WALTON-oN-THAMES, Sept. 13, 1861.

G OTT tho Ui)

HELICONIDA.

ITHOMITA,, XIV.

ITHOMIA ERRUCA. 81.

Uprerstpr. Male transparent glossy lilac-white; the nervures and margins black. A narrow, short, almost perpendicular band at the end of the cell.

Unpersipe rufous, where black above.

Expan. 133 in. Hab. Rio Grande.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

Though very nearly allied to I. Adasa, Fig. 43, they are very easily distinguished when seen together. This species is more elegant in its form, is very glossy, and has the band at the end of the cell narrower and more nearly perpendicular.

ITHOMIA DIAPHANUS. 82. P. Diaphanus. Drury, Vol. 2. Pl. 7. P. Diaphana. Cramer, Pl. 231.

Urrrrsitpr. Male transparent glossy rufous-white ; the margins, which are very narrow, and the nervures, which are very fine, black. Anterior wing with a narrow oblique band at the end of the cell.

Unprrstpek rufous where black above.

Expan. 2345 in. Hab. Jamaica.

In the Collection of the British Museum.

ITHOMIA ESULA. 83.

Urrrrsipe. Male transparent rufous-white; more deeply tinted towards the anal angle of the posterior wing.

The margins (except the costal margin of the anterior wing, which is rufous) and the nervures black.

Unpersipe with the margins rufous, except the costal margin of the posterior wing, which is dull yellow from the base to beyond the middle.

Expan. 23$ in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

HELICONIDH®—ITHOMIA.

ITHOMIA CGINO. 84. L. Ceno. Doubleday § Hewitson Gen. Diur. Lep. Pl. 18. Female.

Uprersipr. Male transparent purple-white; the margins and nervures blue- black, except the anal angle of the posterior wing which is orange. Posterior wing, from the inner margin near the base to the middle, tinted with yellow. Both wings with a submarginal row of indistinct white spots.

UnpersIDE as above, except that the marginal white spots are more distinct.

*Expan. 2344 m. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

The orange spot on the margin of the posterior wing is not a sexual distinction ; although it may

beautify the males only, they are usually without it. I have seen only one example of the variety, which I have figured, which has the antenne (commonly black) orange from the middle to the tip.

ITHOMIA ONEIDA. 85.

Uprrrsipe. Female semi-transparent, rufous; the margins black. Anterior wing slightly clouded beyond the middle, with the costal margin and the nervures, to beyond the middle of the wing, rufous; the ends of the nervures black. A lunular black spot at the end of the cell. Posterior wing, with the nervures (except the dis- coidal nervule, which is rufous), black.

Unpersipe light rufous, where black above. The costal margin of the posterior wing dull yellow; the outer margin of the same wing black, varied with rufous spots at the end of each nervule. The nervures of both wings darker than above. An- terior wing with three distinct white spots at the apex ; posterior wing with six large lunular spots on the outer margin.

Expan. 23 in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This and the two preceding butterflies were sent me by Mr. T. J. Stevens, of Bogota, to whose

love of entomology we are indebted for some of the most beautiful acquisitions with which our cabinets have lately been enriched.

ITHOMIA SALONINA. 86.

Uprrrsipr. Female transparent rufous white; the margins and nervures (ex- cept where they cross the yellow band) brown. Anterior wing with a short oblique band at the end of the cell, joined to the outer margin by two broad nervules, and followed by a broad indistinct band of pale yellow.

UnpeERsIDE as above, except that the outer margins of both wings are rufous, and the costal margin at the base of the posterior wing orange.

Expan. 137 in. Hab. Bolivia.

In the Collection of the British Museum.

Very nearly allied to I. Salapia, Fig. 15, but easily known from it by the arrangement of the nervures of the posterior wing.

aXe

Pi COUN ID 7:

ITHOMIA XV.

ITHOMIA HYALA. 87, 88.

Uprersipr. Male transparent rufous-white; the nervures aud margins black. Anterior wing with an indistinct narrow band across the cell, and a broad curved band at the end of the cell, produced beyond the median nervule black. The usual white spot on the costal margin very small. The space between the inner margin and the median nervure and its first nervule, unusually broad (narrow in the female) and light brown. Posterior wing unusually small (larger in the female).

UnpeErsIDE (except the nervures) rufous, where black above. The apex of both wings with minute white spots, sometimes seen above. ‘The costal margin of the posterior wing broadly orange (narrower and rufous in the female).

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Guayaquil.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

This will come next to I. Diasia (Fig. 28). I have figured both sexes, to point out more clearly than I can by description, the differences which exist. In the female the disco-cellular nervules cross the posterior wing transversely and at a right angle with the costal margin. In the male these

nervures are much lower down, cross the wing obliquely, and join the costal margin nearer the apex, and at an acute angle.

I have ascertained, since figuring the beautiful Ithomia Stella, at Fig. 52, that the nervures

of the posterior wing differ in the opposite sexes exactly as in this species. The female of I. Stella is figured.

ITHOMIA LAGUSA. 89.

Uprrrsipre. Female transparent rufous-white ; the margins (except the inner margin of the anterior wing, near its base, which is rufous) black. Anterior wing, with the space between the imner margin and the median nervure, and its first nervule, orange; the nervures (except the median nervure to its first branch), an oblique band at the middle of the cell, and a broad, irregular, transverse band at the end of the cell, black. Two indistinct spots of white at the apex.

UnpDERSIDE as above, with the base of the posterior wing yellow. The margins of both wings with very distinct round submarginal white spots.

The male I have 1 t seen.

Expan. 2355 nn. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

Nearly allied to Ithomia Avella, Fig. 27.

>

y DD tC

HELICONID®—ITHOMIA.

ITHOMIA LARINA. 90.

Uprersipe. Male. Anterior wing with a large space at the base orange ; a spot in the cell, and the rest of the wing black, with several white spots; one (a double triangle) im the cell; two below it, between the median nervules; two (the first of which is large and trifid) placed obliquely across the wing beyond the middle, and a submarginal row, white, or slightly tinted. Posterior wing orange, with the outer margin, and a band of three spots, placed longitudinally across the middle, black. A transparent spot near the apex, bounded by the black already described, and a line of black near the costal margin. ‘Three small white spots near the apex.

Unpersipe differs only in having a continuous row of white spots on the outer margin.

Expan. 23% in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

If this species was not also a male I must have placed it as the female of Ithomia Celemia, Fig. 22, to which it bears such close resemblance in its general aspect. Besides the black spots and different position of the nervures of the posterior wing, the shape and relative proportions of the two wings are very different.

ITHOMIA IPHIANASSA. 91, 92, 93. Ithomia Iphianassa. Doubleday and Hewitson. Gen. Diur. Lep. Plate 18.

Uprrrsips. Male (Fig. 92). Anterior wing, from the base to beyond the middle (except the margins, and two black spots, one of which crosses the end of the cell), semi-transparent rufous. The rest black; crossed before the apex by a curved band of yellow, and an oblong transparent spot between the second and third median nervules. A curved line of orange near the outer margin, and two or three white spots at the apex. Posterior wing, with the basal half transparent rufous- white, with a small black spot at the end of the cell. The rest black; traversed by a band of orange, parallel to the outer margin.

UNDERSIDE as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of white spots.

The female does not differ.

Figures 91 and 938, varieties from New Granada.

Expan. 23% in. Hab. Venezuela.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C Hewitson.

The figure of this species is repeated here although previously published in the genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera, to make this series as complete as possible, and also to bring it into juxta- position with Figures 91 and 93, which I believe to be varieties of the same species, their only difference consisting in the quantity of black with which the wings are suffused. I have both sexes of each of the varieties.

! > o =

Pm hie, =< as ane mame. elt Cee 74

. i

HELICONID &.

ITHOMIA. XVI.

ITHOMIA ZERLINA. 94, 95, 96.

Uprrrsipe. Male (Fig. 96) transparent white, slightly clouded beyond the middle. The margins (which are broad) and the nervures black. Anterior wing, with a broad band at the end of the cell, black.

UnversibE bright rufous (sometimes edged with black), where black above ; the apex of the anterior wing, and the outer margin of the posterior wing distinctly spotted with white.

Female (Fig. 95), with the margins broader; sometimes clouded at the angle formed by the median nervure and its first nervule on the anterior wing, and at the disco-cellular nervules of the posterior wing.

Variety, female, Fig. 94.

Expan. 2 to 253; m. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. Although Fig. 94 differs considerably in colour from the other figures, I have no doubt that I am correct in considering it as a variety of the same species. It is a female.

ITHOMIA IOLAIA. 97.

UpprrsipE. Female semi-transparent. Anterior wing, from the base to near the middle, rufous; the rest semi-transparent black, with seven round or oblong, slightly tinted white spots; a black spot in the middle of the cell. Posterior wing rufous, with an oblong spot below the cell and the outer margin, black. Both wings with a submarginal row of slightly tinted white spots.

UNDERSIDE as above.

Expan. 233; m. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This species, though very distinct, bears considerable resemblance to the beautiful Ithomia Stella, Fig. 52.

ITHOMIA GEPHIRA. 98.

Upprrsipe. Female. Anterior wing with a large space at the base orange, with a spot of white near the end of the cell; the rest black, with several longitudinal transparent spots of rufous-white; the first (nearest the costal margin) large and trifid; the second (in the middle) short; the third and fourth long, and clouded in

HELICONID®—ITHOMIA.

the middle. The apex with four distinct white spots. Posterior wing, from the base to beyond the middle, orange; the rest black, with three oblong spots (two transparent), and a submar ginal row of bifid white spots.

Unprrsipr as above, “except that the black at the end of the cell of the anterior wing is intersected with a ‘rufous line.

The male differs only in having the posterior wing so much more narrow, that it is without the oblong spot near the costal margin, and the single white spot at the apex.

: Expan. 2375 m. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA OCALEA. 99. Ithomia Ocalea. Doubleday and Hewitson. Gen. Diur. Lep. Plate 18.

Upprrsipr. Female semi-transparent. Anterior wing, from the base to beyond the middle (except the margins, which are black) rufous ; “the rest black, crossed by a curved band of five unequal oblong spots of light yellow. The third spot shorter than the rest; the fourth and fifth joined to the rufous space. Apex with three indistinct white spots. Posterior wing rufous, with the outer margin black.

UnpersIDE as above, except that the posterior wing has a line of black near and parallel to the costal margm, and a row of bifid white spots near the outer margin.

The male does not differ.

Expan. 2345 in. Hab. Venezuela.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA GONUSSA. 100.

Uprrrsipr. Female. Anterior wing (partly semi-transparent) black. The cell (which has an indistinct band across the middle), and a spot between it and the imner angle, hight orange; a triangular spot near the middle of the costal margin ; a small spot below it, and a row of irregular-shaped spots parallel to the outer margin, yellow-white. A submarginal row “of distinct white spots. Posterior wing, with the basal half orange, the rest black, with a submarginal row of large distinct white spots.

UNDERSIDE as above.

Expan. 27/9 in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This beautiful Butterfly is very distinct from any of the numerous species figured hitherto. In form only it somewhat resembles Fig. 49.

a =e all IG p

HELICONIDE..

ITHOMIA. XVII.

4 TTHOMIA UTILLA. 101.

Uprrrsipr. Female lilac-white, with the margins and nervures black. Anterior wing rounded at the apex; slightly clouded beyond the middle; an indistinct, ill- defined band of brown, at the end of the cell.

Unpersipeg, with the margins, except the costal margin of the anterior wing, rufous. Anterior wing, with two or three white spots at the apex.

Expan. 155 in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

~ZITHOMIA PHENOMOE. 102, 103, 104. I. Phenomoe. Doubleday and Hewitson, Gen. Diur. Lep. Plate 18.

Uprersipe. Male lilac-white; the margins and nervures black. Anterior wing, with a slight cloud surrounding some indistinct spots of white near the outer margin ; crossed at the end of the cell by a triangular band of black, and at the middle of the cell by a short line of the same colour.

Unpersipg, rufous where black above. Anterior wing with three or four white spots (one on the costal margin) at the apex. Posterior wing with sometimes one or two spots at the apex.

Female, with the wings wider, the band at the end of the cell longer, broader, and quadrate ; the line across the middle of the cell longer and much more distinct.

Expan. 133 in. Hab. Venezuela.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

?

HELICONIDH®—ITHOMIA.

\ITHOMIA MAKRENA. 105, 106, 107. I. Makrena. Hewitson Exot. But. Ithomia, Figs. 29 and 59.

Uprerstpe. Male lilac- or rufous-white. The nervures and the margins (which are broad) black. Anterior wing, with a slight cloud near the outer margin, sur- rounding some indistinct spots of white (two of which, at the apex, are sometimes enclosed by a line of black) ; a line at the middle of the cell, and a triangular band at the end of the cell, black.

Unpersipe bright rufous where black above. The apex of the anterior wing, and the outer margin of the posterior wing, with white spots.

Females at figs. 29 and 59.

Expan. 13% to 233%. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This species and I. Phenomoe, although differing but little above, are easily distinguished by

reference to the underside. I. Makrena has always a row of white spots near the outer margin of the posterior wing, which Phenomoe is without.

HEE Ye ON I DAL.

ITHOMIA. XVIII.

ITHOMIA LILLA. 108.

Uprrrsips. Female transparent purple-white, both wings tmted with yellow within the cell. The margims and the nervures (except where they cross the yellow band of the anterior wing and the middle of the posterior wing) black. Anterior wing, with an oblique broad band of black at the end of the cell, followed by a band

of yellow.

UnprrsipE as above, except that the margins are rufous-brown. ‘The apex of both wings with two small white spots, and the outer margin of the posterior wing with an indistinct white spot between each nervule.

Expan. 13§ in. Hab. Guayaquil.

Tn the Collection of the British Museum.

Nearly allied to I. Vestilla (Fig. 17) and also to I. Salonina (Fig. 86). It wants the broad black nervule on the anterior wing of the former, and differs from the latter in the arrangement of the nervures of the posterior wing.

ITHOMIA SAO. 109, 110. Hymenitis Sao. Hubner, Zutr., Figs. 123, 124.

Uprrrsipr. Male transparent, glossy, rufous-white. ‘I'he margins and nervures (except where they cross the yellow band of the anterior wing) brown. Anterior wing, with a broad triangular band of black at the end of the cell, followed by an indistinct band of yellow which extends to the middle of the outer margin. Outer margin of posterior wing traversed by a rufous band.

Unpersibz rufous where brown above; the apex of both wings, and the outer margin of the posterior wimg, with minute white spots.

The female is smaller, has the wings more tinted with colour, the nervures lighter, and the marginal white spots of the underside much more distinct.

Expan. 14% in. to 2345 m. Hab. Amazon and Venezuela.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

This, though much larger than Hubner’s figure, does not differ in any other respect. I have examples from Venezuela of the same size as Hubnev’s. It is unusual to see the female less than the male, as it is in this species.

y ge GG

Oe

HELICONIDA—ITHOMIA.

ITHOMIA VIRGINIANA. 111. Tthomia Virginia. Boisd. MS. Hew. Eevot. But. Ithomia 1X., Mig. 54.

Although differmg greatly in size and form, this is undoubtedly the female of fig. 54, which, though unique in the fine collection of Dr. Boisduval of Paris, was kindly intrusted to my care to figure. It was accompanied by the manuscript name of Virginia, which I carelessly adopted, having myself made use of the same name at fig. 18; I have therefore changed it to Virginiana. ‘This species is remarkable for the great length of the median nervure of the anterior wing before its first branch. In colour, its chief difference from the male is in the larger proportion of black upon both wings. It is in my own collection from New Granada.

ITHOMIA ZELICA. 112.

Uprrrsipg. Male black. Anterior wing with a large triangular transparent space of yellow-white from the base to the middle, interrupted at the costal margin by a black spot; beyond the middle and near the costal margin, a rather large white spot crossed by three nervures ; near the apex three small spots of white (one scarcely visible), and below them, near the middle of the outer margin, another spot com- municating by a clouded indistinct band with the triangular space at the base. Posterior wing with the basal half transparent yellow-white.

UNDERSIDE as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of white spots, largest near the middle of the posterior wing.

Expan. 237’5 in. Hab. Guayaquil.

In the Collection of the British Museum.

Printed byHullmandel & Walton

HELICON D Az.

ITHOMIA. XIX.

ITHOMIA ZIBIA. 113.

Urprrersipz. Male transparent light yellow, with the margins (especially the outer margms) broadly semi-transparent black. Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle by a clouded band of the same colour, and at the end of the cell by a line of black. Both wings with a submarginal row of large white spots. Anterior wing with two minute white spots near the apex.

UNDERSIDE as above.

Expan. 1395 in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

Nearly allied in form to Salacia Phyllodoce of Hubner’s Zutrage ; in colour it resembles the spotted varieties of his Reckia. The nervures are scarcely seen. In the Plate they are much too distinctly marked, but it was desirable to show their position.

ITHOMIA ZEMIRA. 114.

Uprersipr. Male brown. Anterior wing with a narrow longitudinal band of light yellow from the base touching the median nervure, and curving with its first nervule towards a small orange spot at the inner angle. Crossed obliquely beyond the middle by a band of the same colour. Posterior wing with a longitudinal band of light yellow from the base to nearly the apex.

UnprrsIDE as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of minute white spots.

Expan. 149 in. Hab. Guayaquil.

In the Collection of the British Museum. The nervures on the posterior wing of this species are arranged as in the last.

HELICONIDH—ITHOMIA.

ITHOMIA YANINA. 115. P. Kuritea. Drury, Vol. VWV., Pi. 13, Figs. 5, 6

Uprersipg. Female transparent. The basal half of both wings (except the costal margin of the anterior, which is brown) light yellow. The rest light semi- transparent blue-black ; a scarcely visible band of the same colour, and a short curved black line at the end of the cell.

UnpersIDE as above.

Expan. 14% m. Hab. Brazil.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

This insect has an unfinished appearance ; it belongs to the same group as the last two, and has the nervures of the posterior wing arranged like them.

Drury’s name of Euritea having been previously used by Cramer, must be dropped for this species.

ITHOMIA EURITEA. 116, 117 P. Kuritea. Cramer, Pl. 280, Fig. C.

Uprrrsipn. Male hlac-white. Both wings yellow from the base to the middle. Margins and nervures (except where they cross the yellow) black. Anterior wing with an oblique short black band at the end of the cell, followed by a small spot of yellow.

UnpersiDE as above, except that there are two or three mdistinct white spots at the apex of both wings.

The female does “not differ.

Fig. 117 represents a hght-coloured variety.

Expan. 149 in. Hab. Brazil.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA SYLVO. 118. H. Sylvo. Hubner, Zutrage, Figs. 767, 768.

Upprrsipg. Male transparent rufous-white. The margins (except the immer margin of the anterior wing, which is broad) narrow black, the nervures black. Anterior wing with a curved, somewhat triangular, short band at the end of the cell.

Unpersipe light rufous where black above; the costal margim of the posterior wing yellow. A single minute white spot at the apex of each wing.

Phere is a variety of the female which has the wings more tinted with rufous ; a spot of yellow at the imner angle of the anterior wing, and a spot of the same colour on the costal margin of the posterior wing.

Expan. 132 in. Hab. Venezuela.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

JECID, IL ICC OI ICIDAL,

ITHOMIA. XX

123. ITHOMIA ROWENA

ITHOMIA AMALDA 124. IYTHOMIA ULLA

ITHOMIA CIDONIA 125. ITHOMIA ZABINA

HELICONID 4S. ITHOMIA. XX:

ITHOMIA ALEMA. 119.

Uprersipz. Male transparent rufous-white. 'The margins and nervures (except those which cross the centre of the posterior wing, which are rufous) black. Anterior wing with a curved narrow indistinct band at the end of the cell; the usual white spot on the costal margm undefined, opaque-white. Clouded near the outer margin so as to inclose white spots between each nervure. Posterior wing orange-yellow on its inner margin.

Unpersibe as above, with all the margins rufous, except the costal mar gin of the posterior wing which is black with its upper edge only rufous.

The female has the margins broader.

Expan. 2345 in. Hab. New Granada. In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA AMALDA. 120.

Uprrersipr. Female transparent rufous white. he margins and nervures (except where they cross the lower half of the posterior wing, which is orange) black. Ante- rior wing, with an oblique band across the middle of the cell, and a broad band at the end of the cell, black. The apex broadly black, inclosing two transparent spots.

Unpersip& as above, with two or three white spots at the apex of both wings.

8

Expan. 14% in. Hab. New Granada. In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

Except in the colour of its posterior wing this species does not differ much from I. Makrena, jigs. 29 and 105.

ITHOMIA CIDONIA. 121.

Uprersipr. Female transparent rufous white. The margins and nervures black. Anterior wing with an oblique black band at the end of the cell; the second and third median nervules broad and black, until they reach a broad band of orange which fills the space between them and the apex. Posterior wing with the black border traversed by an orange band.

Unpersipr as above, except that the anterior wing has three white spots at the apex, that the posterior wing has the orange band broader and continued on the costal margin to the base, and a submarginal row of bifid white spots.

The male is less; has the margins narrower, the second median nervule pro- duced to the outer margin, and the third scarcely seen, and has not the submarginal white spots.

Expan. 145 to 2545 in. Hab. New Granada. In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. This beautiful species, until compared with it, seems to differ very little from I. Ilerda at jig. 19.

g Il

HELICONIDM—ITHOMIA.

ITHOMIA ROWENA. 122.

Uprerstpr. Male. Anterior wing, with the basal half, orange. The costal margin at the base, the inner margin from the base to near the anal angle, a triangu- lar spot in the cell, and a small spot at the base of the first median nervule, black. The rest of the wing black, crossed obliquely by a deeply-sinuated band of yellow. Posterior wing, with a large spot at the apex and a narrow band from it to the base, orange ; the rest black.

UnpmrsivE as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of very minute but distinct white spots.

Expan. 2 in. Hab. New Granada. In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA ULLA. 123.

Uprrrsipr. Male transparent rufous-white. Anterior wing, with the outer and inner margins, the nervures, and a narrow curved band at the end of the cell, black. The costal margin, and the space between the median nervures and the black border of the inner margin, rufous. Posterior wing with the outer margin broadly black ; the nervures, except where they join the said margins, rufous.

UNDERSIDE as above, except that the margins are all rufous, that the anterior wing has the usual apical white spots, and that the posterior wing has a row of large lunular bifid white spots on the outer margin.

Expan. 23% in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. This species it will be seen is remarkable for the great size of the anterior wing.

ITHOMIA ZABINA. 124.

Upprrsipr. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins (except the costal margin of the anterior wing, which is rufous) and the nervures, black. Anterior wing, with a transverse band at the end of the cell, also black.

Unpersibz as above, except that all the margins are light rufous, that the anterior wing has the usual apical white spots, and the posterior a row of lunular bifid spots on the outer margin.

Z PORORE ;

The male has the anterior wing narrower and more pointed at the apex; the

margins narrower.

Expan. 23% in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This species bears considerable resemblance to I. Zerlina, jiy. 95; but is easily known from it by the nearly perpendicular direction of the band at the end of the cell of the anterior wing.

NOTICE TO THE BINDER.

To destroy the descriptions which accompany Ithomia (Plates XX. and XX1.) and replace them by those given with Part 40.

AVIS AU RELIEUR.

Tl faut annuler les descriptions qui ont rapport & Ithomia, Planches XX. et XXL, et substituer ceux qui se trouvent dans la tome 40.

Ms ~ a

HELICONID 4.

ITHOMIA. XX.

ITHOMIA ALEMA. = 120.

Urrrrsipe. Male transparent rufous-white. The margins and nervures (except those which cross the centre of the posterior wing, which are rufous) black. Anterior wing with a curved narrow indistinct band at the end of the cell; the usual white spot on the costal margin undefined, opaque-white. | Clouded near the outer margin so as to inclose white spots between each nervure. Posterior wing orange-yellow on its inner margin.

Unpersibe as above, with all the margins rufous, except the costal margin of the posterior wing which is black with its upper edge only rufous.

The female has the margins broader.

Expan. 2355 in. Hab. New Granada. In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA AMALDA. 121.

Uprerstpr. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins and nervures (except where they cross the lower half of the posterior wing, which is orange) black. Anterior wing, with an oblique band across the middle of the cell, and a broad band at the end of the cell, black. The apex broadly black, inclosing two transparent spots.

Unpersine as above, with two or three white spots at the apex of both wings:

Expan. 14% in. Hab. New Granada.

Tn the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

Except in the colour of its posterior wing this species does not differ much from I. Makrena, jigs. 29 and 105.

ITHOMIA CIDONIA. 122.

Uprersipr. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins and nervures black. Anterior wing with an oblique black band at the end of the cell; the second and third median nervules broad and black, until they reach a broad band of orange which fills the space between them and the apex. Posterior wing with the black border traversed by an orange band.

Unpersipx as above, except that the anterior wing has three white spots at the apex, that the posterior wing has the orange band broader and continued on the costal margin to the base, and a submarginal row of bifid white spots.

The male is less ; has the margins narrower, the second median nervule produced to the outer margin, and the third scarcely seen, and has not the submarginal white spots.

Expan. 148; to 2;45 in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This beautiful species, until compared with it, seems to differ very little from I. Herda at jig. 19.

1]

HELICONIDM—ITHOMIA.

ITHOMIA ROWENA. 123.

Urrrrstpr. Male. Anterior wing, with the basal half, orange. The costal margin at the base, the imer margin from the base to near the anal angle, a triangu- lar spot in the cell, and a small spot at the base of the first median nervule, black. The rest of the wing black, crossed obliquely by a deeply-smuated band of ‘yellow. Posterior wing, w ith a large spot at the apex and a narrow band from it to the base, orange: the rest black.

Unpersipe as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of very minute but distinct white spots.

Expan. 2 in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA ULLA. 124.

Uprersipr. Male transparent rufous-white. Anterior wing, with the outer and inner margins, the nervures, and a narrow curved band at the end of the cell, black. The costal margin, and the space between the median nervures and the black border of the inner margin, rufous. Posterior wing with the outer margin broadly black ; the nervures, except where they join the said margins, rufous.

UNDERSIDE as above, except that the margins are all rufous, that the anterior wing has the usual apical white spots, and the posterior wing has a row of large lunular bifid white spots on the outer margin,

Expan. 258; im. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This species it will be seen is remarkable for the great size of the anterior wing

ITHOMIA ZABINA. 125.

Uprrrstpr. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins (except the costal margin of the anterior wing, which is rufous) and the nervures, ‘black. Anterior wing, with a transverse band at the end of the cell, also black.

UNDERSIDE as above, except that all the margins are light rufous, that the

anterior wing has the usual apical white spots, and the | posterior a row of lanular bifid spots on the outer margin.

The male has the anterior wing narrower and more pointed at the apex ; the margins narrower.

Expan. 25% in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

This species bears considerable resemblance to I. Zerlina, fig. 95 ; but is easily known from it by the nearly perpendicular direction of the band at the end of the cell of the anterior wing.

HELICONID 4. ITHOMIA. XXI.

ITHOMIA VILLULA. 125.

Uprrrsipr. Female transparent purple, clouded with brown, with three white spots beyond the middle, between the nervules. The margins and nervures black. Posterior wing transparent light yellow, except near the apex, where it is opaque white ; a large spot of orange at the anal angle; the costal and outer margins broadly and irregularly black, the nervures white. ;

Unpmrsipe as above, except that the anterior wing has three white spots at the apex ; that the posterior wing has a bifid white spot on the costal margin near its middle, and a sub- marginal row of six white spots.

Expan. 238; in. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA APULIA. 126. 6 Ithomia Ceno, var., Hew. Ex. But. Ithomia, Pl. 14, f. 84.

Urrrrsipr. Female transparent purple white. Anterior wing, with the margins and nervures, black. Posterior wing, with the outer margin, broadly black. A large spot of orange at the anal angle. Both wings with one or two white spots at the apex.

Unpersipr as above, except that there is a submarginal row of white spots upon both wings.

Expan. 6 2345 in., g 246 m. Hab. New Granada.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

When the male of this species was figured, I believed it to be only a variety of I Cceno, but having seen several females, I find that they differ from Cceno in the position of the nervures of the posterior wing. ‘The females of this species are also much smaller than the males, differing thus from the rest of the genus Ithomia. This species is very closely allied to I. Villula, they differ from each other in the nervures of the posterior wing.

ITHOMIA ERCILLA. 127.

UrrrrsipE. Female. Anterior wing black, with a large semi-transparent trifid triangular rufous spot from the base to the middle. A transverse band near the apex of two white spots, one oblong and divided into four by the nervures, the other small. Posterior wing semi-trans- parent rufous, the outer margin broadly black, traversed by a broad band of orange.

}

-O

HELICONIDEH—ITHOMIA.

Unpersipe differs only in having four white spots at the apex of both wings. The maie does not differ.

Expan. 1485 in. Hab. Amazon.

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

This species will come next to I. Inachia and I. Cyrianassa.

ITHOMIA ILERDINA. 128.

Uprrrsipz. Male. Anterior wing black, with four transparent white spots; one at the base triangular, slightly rufous ; the second oval within the cell; the third below it, between the ‘first and second median nervules ; the fourth minute touching a broad band of orange, which crosses the wing from the costal margin near the apex to near the anal angle, keeping the curve of the outer margin. Posterior wing lilac white; the nervures white, except where they join the marginal band ; costal margin black ; outer margin black, traversed by a rufous band.

Unpersipe differs only in having one or two minute spots at the apex of both wings.

Expan. 1,2, 1m. Hab. Peru.

In the Collection of the British Museum.

ITHOMIA GUNILLA. 129.

Uprrrsipr. Male. Anterior wing black, with three large semi-transparent white spots ; one spot across the middle, divided by the median nervure, and half way between it and the apex two spots forming a band parallel to the outer margm. A triangular rufous-white spot at the base ; the inner margin, from its base to the eae rufous. Posterior wing rufous; the disco-cellular nervule, the outer margin, and a spot at the apex, black.

Unperstpe does not differ, except that the apex of the anterior wing is crossed by a band of white, and the apex of the posterior wing has two or three white spots.

Female does not differ.

Expan. 14% in. Hab. Amazon.

_In the Golleagions of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA PRISCILLA. 130.

Upprrsipe. Male. Anterior wing black, with four large white spots; two oval across the middle (one in the cell, the other between the median nervules) ; two (divided by nervures) sumilarly placed nearer the apex. A triangular rufous white spot near the base; the inner margin from the base to the middle rufous. Posterior wing rufous, the outer margm broadly black, traversed by a broad orange band ; the disco-cellular nervule black.

Unpersipe differs only im having the usual white spot at the apex of both wings.

The female does not differ.

Expan. 1,8; in. | Hab. Amazon. In the Gollections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson.

ITHOMIA ILLINISSA, var. 131. Ithomia Iltinissa, Hew. Ev. But., Ithomia, Pl. \, f. 2.

This does not differ from I. Illinissa, except that it has not the white spot at the middle of the costal margin of the anterior wing, and in having its wings suffused with black, which many of the Heliconide are subject to.

.

EE ik C10 NAD.

ITHOMIA. XXI.

ITHOMIA VILLULA. 126.

Urrzrsipr. Female transparent purple, clouded with brown, with three white spots be- yond the middie, between the nervules. The margins and nervures black. Posterior wing transparent light yellow, except near the apex, where it is opaque white ; a large spot of orange at the anal angle; the costal and outer margins broadly and irregularly black, the nervures white.

Unpersipr as above, except that the anterior wing has three white spots at the apex ; that the posterior wing has a bifid white spot on the costal margin near its middle, and a sub- marginal row of six